September 20, 2016
Structures and dynamics in the wakes of sliding bubbles
Structures and dynamics in the wakes of sliding bubbles An experimental investigation is reported for the flow structures in the wake of an air bubble sliding under an inclined surface in quiescent water. Time-resolved Particle Image Velocimetry (PIV) is used to study the wakes of sliding bubbles for a range of measurement planes, bubble diameters and surface inclination angles. Additionally, key aspects of the bubble's motion are measured simultaneously using a novel method that accounts for the motion of the bubbles interface. Thus, vortex shedding may be linked to changes in the bubble shape and path. Analysis of the measured velocity and vorticity fields reveals a wake structure consisting of a near wake that moves in close proximity to the bubble, shedding vorticity at the inversion points of the bubble path. Downstream of the bubble in the far wake, these structures evolve into asymmetrical, oppositely-oriented hairpin vortices that are generated in the near wake. These hairpin vortices bear similarities to those observed behind freely rising bubbles and near-wall bluff bodies and are found to cause significant motion of the bulk fluid. This bulk fluid motion has the potential to offer significant convective cooling of adjacent heated surfaces, such as submerged electronics components.
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