May 20, 2017

The Actual Cost of Software Switching for NFV Chaining

  • Caggiani Luizelli M.
  • Raz D.
  • Saar Y.
  • Yallouz J.

Network Function Virtualization (NFV) is a novel paradigm allowing flexible and scalable implementation of network services on cloud infrastructure. An important enabler for the NFV paradigm is software switching, which needs to satisfy rigid network requirements such as high throughput and low latency. Despite recent research activities in the field of NFV, not much attention was given to understanding the costs of software switching in NFV deployments. Existing approaches for traffic steering and orchestration of virtual network functions either neglect the cost of software switching or assume that it can be provided as an input, and therefore real NFV deployments of network services is often suboptimal. In this work, we conduct an extensive and in-depth evaluation of the impact of service chaining deployments on Open vSwitch -- the de facto standard software switch for cloud environments. We provide insights on network performance metrics such as latency, throughput, CPU utilization and packet processing, when considering different placement strategies of a service chain. We then use these insights to provide an abstract generalized cost function that accurately captures the CPU cost for network switching in deployed service chains, which is an essential building block for any practical optimization placement strategy for NFV service chaining.

Recent Publications

March 23, 2017

Performance Comparison of Capacity-Achieving Modulation Formats for Transoceanic Optical Systems

  • Fernandez De Jauregui Ruiz I.
  • Ghazisaeidi A.
  • Tran P.

We experimentally compare the performance of geometrically-shaped (64APSK) and probabilistically-shaped 64QAM (PS64QAM) formats considering linear and nonlinear penalties.

March 20, 2017

LWIP and Wi-Fi Boost Link Management

  • K S.
  • Kim B.
  • Ling J.
  • Lopez-Perez D.
  • Ming Ding
  • Vasudevan S.

3GPP LWIP Release 13 technology and its prestandard version Wi-Fi Boost have recently emerged as an efficient LTE and Wi-Fi integration at the IP layer, allowing uplink on LTE and downlink on Wi-Fi. This solves all the contention problems of Wi-Fi and allows an optimum usage of the unlicensed band ...

March 13, 2017

Advanced C+L-Band Transoceanic Transmission Systems Based on Probabilistically-Shaped PDM-64QAM

  • Brindel P.
  • Buchali F.
  • Carbo Meseguer A.
  • Charlet G.
  • Fernandez I.
  • Ghazisaeidi A.
  • Hu Q.
  • Renaudier J.
  • Rios-Muller R.
  • Schmalen L.
  • Tran P.

We review the most recent, advanced concepts and methods employed in the cutting-edge spectrally-efficient coherent fiber-optic transoceanic transmission systems, such as probabilistic shaping, adaptive digital nonlinear compensation, rate-adaptive spatially-coupled low density parity check codes, and dual-band C+L-band transmission. Building upon all these concepts and methods, we demonstrate transmission of 179 ...