January 01, 2018

A Unified Array Geometry Composed of Multiple Identical Subarrays With Hole-Free Difference Coarrays for Underdetermined DOA Estimation

In this paper, we propose a unified array geometry, dubbed generalized nested subarray (GNSA), for the underdetermined direction-of-arrival estimation. The GNSA is composed of multiple, identical subarrays, which can be a minimum redundancy array (MRA), a (super) nested array, a uniform linear array (ULA), or any other linear arrays with hole-free difference coarrays (DCAs). By properly design the spacings between subarrays, the resulting DCA of the GNSA can also be a hole-free (filled) ULA. When the subarray is an MRA and meanwhile its sensors’ positions also follow an MRA configuration, a nested MRA (NMRA) is constructed. This NMRA can provide up to $mathcal {O}(M^{2}N^{2})$ degrees of freedom (DOFs) using only $MN$ physical sensors. In order to fully utilize the increased DOF, we develop a new DOA estimation algorithm, which consists of a dimensional reduction matrix to exploit the data of all virtual elements, a Toeplitz matrix to decorrelate the equivalent coherent sources, and a root-MUSIC method to mitigate the computational workload. This new algorithm can achieve better DOA estimation performance than traditional spatial smoothing MUSIC algorithm with lower computational complexity. Numerical simulation results demonstrate the superiorities of the proposed array geometry in resolving more sources than sensors, DOA estimation performance, and the angular resolution.

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Recent Publications

January 01, 2018

Fair Dynamic Spectrum Management for QRD-Based Precoding with User Encoding Ordering in Downstream G.fast Transmission

In next generation DSL networks such as G.fast, employing discrete multi-tone transmission in high frequencies up to 212 MHz, the crosstalk among lines reaches very high levels. To precompensate the crosstalk in downstream transmission, QRD-based precoding has been proposed as a near-optimal dynamic spectrum management (DSM) technique. However, the performance ...

January 01, 2018

Practical Mitigation of Passive Intermodulation in Microstrip Circuits

This paper presents new experimental evidence and a novel practical approach for mitigation of passive intermodulation (PIM) in microstrip circuits fabricated on commercial printed circuit board laminates. The mechanisms of distributed PIM in microstrip circuits are reviewed and a phenomenology of PIM generation due to locally enhanced electromagnetic fields at ...

January 01, 2018

Efficient Cooperative HARQ for Multi-Source Multi-Relay Wireless Networks

In this paper, we compare the performance of three different cooperative Hybrid Automatic Repeat reQuest (HARQ) protocols for slow-fading half-duplex orthogonal multiple access multiple relay channel. Channel State Information (CSI) is available at the receiving side of each link only. Time Division Multiplexing is assumed, where each orthogonal transmission occurs ...