Preface to the Special Issue on Data Center Communications

  • Earnshaw M.
  • Li M.
  • Petropoulos P.
  • Vusirikala V.

Guest Editorial: Optical Networks Supporting Interoperability and White Boxes

  • Bigo S.
  • Sambo N.
  • Schmidtke H.
  • Shaikh A.
  • Suzuki M.
  • Tomkos I.

Fast flow volume estimation

  • Ben Basat R.
  • Einziger G.
  • Friedman R.

The increasing popularity of jumbo frames means growing variance in the size of packets transmitted in modern networks. Consequently, network monitoring tools must maintain explicit traffic volume statistics rather than settle for packet counting as before. We present constant time algorithms for volume estimations in streams and sliding windows, which ...

High Bending-Mode Sensitivity of Printed Piezoelectric Poly(vinylidenefluoride- co-trifluoroethylene) Sensors

  • Krijnen G.
  • Rajala S.
  • Schouten M.
  • Tuukkanen S.

© Copyright 2018 American Chemical Society. Printable piezoelectric sensors were fabricated on a flexible polyethylene terephthalate (PET) substrate. Solution-processed piezoelectric poly(vinylidenefluoride-co-trifluoroethylene) ink was used as an active layer. Evaporated silver on PET was used as the bottom electrode and the painted silver glue as the top electrode. The sensors were ...

Ultrafast Spontaneous Emission from a Slot-Antenna Coupled WSe<inf>2</inf>Monolayer

Optical antennas can enhance the spontaneous emission rate from nanoemitters by orders of magnitude, enabling the possibility of an ultrafast, efficient, nanoscale LED. Semiconductors would be the preferred material for such a device to allow for direct high-speed modulation. However, efficient nanoscale devices are challenging to implement because of high ...

Experimental Demonstration of A Low-Complexity Phase Noise Compensation for CO-OFDM Systems

IEEE In this letter, a low-complexity phase noise compensation scheme based on Kalman filtering theory is experimentally demonstrated for coherent optical orthogonal frequency division multiplexing (CO-OFDM) transmissions. The proposed scheme can operate in two modes, pilot-aided mode and blind mode, resulting in a variety of phase noise tracking configurations upon ...

Massive Machine Type Communications over 5G using Lean Protocols and Edge Proxies

  • Benno S.
  • Bhatia R.
  • Esteban J.
  • Gupta B.
  • Lakshman T.
  • Samardzija D.
  • Tavares M.

We present a novel solution for Massive Machine Type Communications (mMTC) over wireless networks comprising of Edge Proxies and Lean Protocols. Our solution is designed to reduce the overheads associated with data exchange from massive number of low complexity, low power machine type devices. The solution allows the full richness ...

Physical Layer Security in TDD Massive MIMO

IEEE We consider a single-cell downlink time division duplex (TDD) based massive MIMO communication in the presence of an adversary capable of jamming and eavesdropping simultaneously. We show that massive MIMO communication is naturally resilient to no training-phase jamming attack in which the adversary jams only the data communication and ...

Inter-polarization mixers for coherent detection of optical signals

  • Chandrasekhar S.
  • Chen Y.
  • Dong P.
  • Fontaine N.
  • Kim K.
  • Melikyan A.

Electro-magnetic (EM) mixers are fundamental building blocks in communication systems. They are used in frequency/wavelength filters, interferometric modulators, amplitude-phase receivers, to name a few. Traditional EM mixers have two or more input ports and work only for co-polarized signal and local-oscillator (LO) incident on its inputs. Here we report on ...

A Novel Constellation Phase Rotation Method to Reduce Transmitter Noise in Metro Links

  • Almonacil S.
  • Jenneve P.
  • Layec P.
  • Ramantanis P.

IEEE We present a novel constellation phase rotation method to mitigate the DACs quantization penalty resulting from pre-compensation of chromatic dispersion (CD) in optical metro links where low-resolution digital-to-analog converters (DACs) may be used to be cost- and power-efficient. The CD-induced constellation rotation increases the peak-to-average power-ratio (PAPR) of the ...

Complex overlapping concepts: An effective auditing methodology for families of similarly structured BioPortal ontologies

  • Chen Y.
  • Elhanan G.
  • Geller J.
  • Ochs C.
  • Perl Y.
  • Zheng L.

In previous research, we have demonstrated for a number of ontologies that structurally complex concepts (for different definitions of ?complex?) in an ontology are more likely to exhibit errors than other concepts. Thus, such complex concepts often become fertile ground for quality assurance (QA) in ontologies. They should be audited ...

Opportunistic Spatial Preemptive Scheduling For URLLC and eMBB Coexistence in Multi-User 5G Networks

  • Esswie A.
  • Pedersen K.

The fifth generation (5G) of the mobile networks is envisioned to feature two major service classes: ultra-reliable low-latency communications (URLLC) and enhanced mobile broadband (eMBB). URLLC applications require a stringent one-way radio latency of 1 ms with 99.999% success probability while eMBB services demand extreme data rates. The coexistence of ...

CBOSS: bringing traffic engineering inside data center networks

Today’s traditional, hierarchical, fullelectronic data centers cannot guarantee quality of service (QoS) for latency-sensitive applications or carrier-grade multitenancy.We propose cloud burst optical-slot switching (CBOSS), an intra-data center network architecture leveraging the original optical components and custom software- defined network (SDN) control to enable traffic engineering. In particular, we demonstrate network ...

Digital disruption of the AEC industry: technology-oriented scenarios for possible future development paths

  • Airaksinen M.
  • Casey T.
  • Kallio J.
  • Lavikka R.

© 2018 Aalto University Decision-makers in the architecture, engineering and construction (AEC) industry lack knowledge about the implementation of digitalization to generate value. We applied a scenario planning method developed by Schoemaker and Mavaddat to provide decision-makers with information for using digital data and technologies to create value for customers. ...

Coffee exports and industrialization in Brazil

  • Barros F.
  • Ferreira A.
  • Marcondes R.
  • Prioste R.

© 2018 Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group We investigate the dynamic relationship between coffee exports and machinery imports in Brazil from 1869 to 1939. Our tests reveal cointegration and bidirectional causality in the temporal sense. This evidence suggests that foreign exchange real revenues from coffee exports ...

Performance of Balanced Fairness in Computer Clusters: A Recursive Approach

  • Bonald T.
  • Comte C.
  • Mathieu F.

Understanding the performance of computer clusters is crucial for proper dimensioning. One of the main challenge is to take into account the complex interactions between computers that process jobs in parallel. In particular, a job can generally not be processed by any computer of the cluster due to various constraints ...

Towards integration of Industrial Ethernet with 5G mobile networks

  • Jasperneite J.
  • Neumann A.
  • Rost P.
  • Sivasivaganesan R.
  • Wisniewski L.

In contrast to the predecessors, the fifth generation of mobile networks (5G) will particularly address communication in production systems by providing machine-type communication and matching requirements regarding reliability and latency. However, 3GPP 5G will not be the one and only network technology that can be used to fulfill all the ...

World Wide Streams - a new World Wide Web for in-the-moment information

  • Trappeniers L.

We are evolving to a world where multi-sensory experiences and new interaction modalities become increasingly important. A world where human augmented intelligence - based on massive amounts of available data - is expected to change our lives in drastic ways. We are moving to an IoT world where information sources ...

On Coding for Cache-Aided Delivery of Dynamic Correlated Content

  • Erkip E.
  • Hassanzadeh P.
  • Llorca J.
  • Tulino A.

IEEE Cache-aided coded multicast leverages side information at wireless edge caches to efficiently serve multiple unicast demands via common multicast transmissions, leading to load reductions that are proportional to the aggregate cache size. However, the increasingly dynamic, unpredictable, and personalized nature of the content that users consume challenges the efficiency ...

The Density of Millimeter Wave Access Points in Dense Urban Areas and its Effect On Link Availability in the Presence of Blocking

  • Ewe L.
  • Halbauer H.

Radio access networks of the next generation (5G) are designed to be capable to handle the increasing demand for bandwidth and low latency as required for services like enhanced Mobile Broadband (eMBB), augmented reality or applications of the "tactile internet", that cannot be provided satisfactorily by today's radio access technologies. ...